Teacher Centered vs Student Centered

Differentiate between Teacher Centered vs Student Centered learning strategies.

Teacher Centered learning Student Centered learning
No individual accountability Individual accountability
Responsible for oneself Responsible for each other
Very passive Very active
Follow the course profile Select and divide the lesson for group work
Try to keep the student in their own seats Arrange the classroom and assign the work
Provide detailed information Facilitator of learning


Advantages and limitations of learning method

Method Advantage Limitation


  • Emphasis on learning instead of teaching.
  • Participation by everyone in the class.
  • Development of democratic way of thinking.
  • Training in reflective thinking.
  • Training in self-expression.
  • Spirit of tolerance is inculcated.
  • Learning is made interesting.


  • Discussion method is not appropriate for all the topics.
  • It can be used only to students who have some basic knowledge in the topic.
  • some of the students may feel shy or reluctant to take part while others may try to dominate
  • Teacher may lose control over the students and they may end up in quarrelling.


Cooperative Learning


  • Helps foster mutual responsibility
  • Supported by research as an effective technique
  • Students learn to be patient, less critical and more compassionate
  • Some students don’t work well
  • Loners find it hard to share answers
  • Aggressive students try to take over
  • Bright students tend to act superior


  • Students are usually interested in and challenged by games
  • Can provide opportunities for team member building skills
  • Easy to provide feedback
  • When used in direct relationship to a lesson objective, can provide a stimulating experience for all
  • Create in-group/out-group feelings
  • Demotivate those who are not competitive by nature
  • Discourage creativity if the format is very rigid and the focus is strongly on winning


  • Provide practice and experimenting with skills
  • Provide immediate feedback on actions and decision
  • Simplifies real-world complexities and focused on important attributes or characteristic
  • Cause deep emotional
  • Both setup and debriefing can be time consuming


  • Encourages active engagement
  • Promotes motivation
  • Promotes autonomy, responsibility, independence
  • Develops creativity and problem solving skills.
  • Tailors learning experiences
  • Creates cognitive overload
  • May result in potential misconceptions
  • Makes it difficult for teachers to detect problems and misconceptions
Problem Solving


  • Increase comprehension and retention
  • Involve higher learning
  • Develop responsibility
  • Limits the amount of content covered
  • Selecting, modifying and designing effective instructional problem can be time consuming
  • Requires teacher to have good management skills to coach students without giving the answer





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